Selected publications

Livelihood Challenges of RMG Workers - Exploring Scopes within the Structure of Minimum Wages and Beyond

By Khondaker Golam Moazzem and Md. Arfanuzzaman (December 2018)

by itcreate

This paper examines the livelihood issues of the workers in the readymade garments (RMG) sector of Bangladesh, and identifies the scope of determining a minimum wage that would address their requirements of a decent livelihood standard. The study observes a compositional change in workers’ household expenditure patterns, where non-food expenses have taken up the larger share. Workers of all grades were found struggling to meet their essential needs, which indirectly implies that their earnings are inadequate for spending beyond the subsistence level.

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The Ignored Generation - Exploring the Dynamics of Youth Employment in Bangladesh

By Fahmida Khatun and Syed Yusuf Saadat (October 2018)

by itcreate

With a large youth population, Bangladesh faces the challenges of harvesting the benefits of a demographic dividend. However, in recent years, the labour market of Bangladesh has been struggling to absorb the increasing number of young job-seekers. This disconcerting trend remains a fault line in Bangladesh’s prospect of graduating from the least developed country (LDC) category with a momentum. In this context, this study, undertaken by the Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD), provides an insightful exposure of the causes of youth unemployment in the country. It constitutes an analysis of the latest available empirical evidence.

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Performance of EPZ RMG Enterprises Are They Still Better Compared to Non-EPZ Enterprises?

By Khondaker Golam Moazzem, Md Arfanuzzaman, Faizan Bin Halim, Minhaz M Reza and Syeda Samiha Azim (BP 15/2018)

by FES Bangladesh Office

The policy brief examines the nature and extent of dierences in the relative performance of EPZ and non-EPZ enterprises in the post-Rana Plaza period. Based on the data collected from the sample survey of 226 randomly selected non-EPZ area enterprises and 14 EPZ enterprises, the study undertakes a comparative assessment of these two types of enterprises of the RMG sector.

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Are Subcontractee Enterprises Able to Upgrade? Insights from a Case Study

By ondaker Golam Moazzem and Md. Arfanuzzaman (PB 14/2018)

by itcreate

The Policy Brief presents a case study of a subcontractee enterprise which is not a member of any trade body but enlisted in the DIFE. The Brief highlights the benchmark level of social compliance and technological standards of this enterprise in order to understand its potentiality in undertaking necessary economic and social upgrading activities to make the enterprise sustainable.

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Workers’ Organisations in RMG Enterprises - How to Address Institutional Challenges?

By Khondaker Golam Moazzem and Syeda Samiha Azim (PB 13/2018)

by FES Bangladesh Office

The poor state of workers’ organisations at the enterprise level is the weakest part of a globally competitive readymade garment (RMG) value chain of Bangladesh. The situation did not improve even after undertaking various initiatives during the post-Rana Plaza period.  The Policy Brief reviews the challenges of institutionalisation of workers’ organisations in the RMG sector and puts forward suggestions for better functioning of these organisations.

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Can a Sustainable Inspection System be Developed? The Case of RMG Sector in Bangladesh

By daker Golam Moazzem, Sk. Faizan Bin Halim and Mastura Shafayat (PB 12/2018)

by itcreate

The objective of this policy brief is to review the problems identied in workplace safety and security in the RMG sector and to identify the gaps of the public monitoring system in contrast with that of international initiatives, and consequently putting forward a set of recommendations for developing a sustainable M & I system for factories.

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‘Data Universe’ of Bangladesh’s RMG Enterprises - How to Meet the Data Gap?

By Khondaker Golam Moazzem and Marzuka Radia Ahmad (PB 11/2018)

by itcreate

The study aims to create a ‘data universe’ for the RMG sector of Bangladesh consisting of information on the RMG enterprises which are currently in operation. The study puts forward a set of recommendations on how to develop a comprehensive database for the RMG sector of Bangladesh. The data for this study has been compiled from various available sources including the internal databases of public and private organisations.

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University of Dhaka: In Search for Excellence – Issues and Policy Recommendations

By Imtiaz Ahmed and Iftekhar Iqbal (March 2018)

by itcreate

The title of the second version of the policy paper on Dhaka University is self-explanatory. The paper addresses a few pertinent issues, such as governance, faculty recruitment and student admission, campus politics, campus security, teaching and research, and soft power all of which are crucial towards achieving excellence.

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Private Universities in Bangladesh – Possibilities and Challenges

By Imtiaz Ahmed, Iftekhar Iqbal, Parvez Karim Abbasi (March 2018)

by itcreate

This policy paper identifies and prioritizes the key challenges faced by the students, teachers and management. Based on the real experience shared by the actors involved, the paper formulates a set of action-oriented policy recommendations.

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Linking Trade and Decent Work in Global Supply Chains in Bangladesh

By Jakir Hossain, Mostafiz Ahmed and Jafrul Hasan Sharif (February 2018)

by itcreate

Bangladesh's integration into the global supply chains is mainly linked to its liberalised trade. Free trade regimes such as the EU GSP have made significant contributions to the economic upgrading of the country, but have failed to upgrade its social development. Although freedom of association, freedom from forced and child labour and employment free of discrimination, are defined as the Core Labour standards (CLS), these ILO core conventions are rarely complied by all actors along the global supply chain. Furthermore, the aftermath of the Rana Plaza events tragedy revealed an urgent need for the inclusion of rights such as decent working hours, living wages and health and safety, which are regarded as the elements of CLS+. The study titled "Linking Trade and Decent Work in Global Supply Chains in Bangladesh" highlights power imbalances in the industrial and labour relations along the global supply chain and offers recommendations for all actors along the chain to alter the conditions prevailing at the bottom of the value chain. The study is a part of the regional project CLS+, which was launched by Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung in Asia in 2016.

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